What is 420D PVC Coated Fabric?

pvc coated fabric
420D PVC coated fabric refers to a type of fabric that is made from a base material of 420 denier (420D) polyester, which is then coated with PVC (Polyvinyl Chloride). The denier measurement refers to the thickness and weight of the individual threads used to weave the fabric. A higher denier number indicates a thicker and more durable fabric. The PVC coating is applied to the polyester fabric to provide additional strength, waterproofing, and durability. PVC is a synthetic plastic material known for its resistance to water, chemicals, and abrasion. By coating the fabric with PVC, it becomes highly resistant to water penetration, making it suitable for various outdoor applications and situations where moisture protection is required. 420D PVC coated fabric is commonly used in the production of bags, backpacks, tents, covers, and other outdoor gear that needs to withstand harsh weather conditions. The PVC coating enhances the fabric's ability to repel water, keeping the contents of the bags or the users themselves dry. Additionally, the PVC coating adds an extra layer of protection against tearing, ripping, and UV damage, increasing the overall durability and lifespan of the fabric.

Table of Content

Understanding 420D PVC Coated Fabric


Define 420D PVC Coated Fabric as a versatile textile material consisting of a polyester base fabric coated with PVC (polyvinyl chloride).

Explain the significance of the “420D” designation, indicating the fabric’s denier count and its relation to the fabric’s weight and durability.

Elaborate on the composition, discussing the high-strength polyester base fabric and the PVC coating that provides additional functionality and performance.

420D coated fabric


Water Resistance: PVC coating provides an effective barrier against water penetration, ensuring the fabric remains waterproof.

UV Resistance: The PVC coating enhances the fabric’s ability to withstand exposure to UV radiation, preventing color fading and material degradation.

Easy Maintenance: The PVC-coated surface facilitates easy cleaning and maintenance, requiring minimal effort to keep the fabric in good condition.

Customization Options: PVC coating allows for customization in terms of color, patterns, and finishes, enabling manufacturers to meet specific design requirements.


Applications of 420D PVC Coated Fabric

Products Produced

Outdoor Gear and Equipment: The fabric’s durability and water resistance make it ideal for producing backpacks, tents, awnings, and outdoor furniture covers. These products withstand harsh weather conditions and provide reliable protection.

Luggage and Bags: The combination of strength, lightweight, and water resistance makes 420D PVC Coated Fabric suitable for manufacturing travel bags, backpacks, and other luggage items. These products ensure the safety of belongings while offering convenience and style.

Protective Covers: The fabric’s ability to repel water and provide resistance against UV radiation makes it an excellent choice for producing protective covers for vehicles, machinery, and equipment. These covers shield valuable assets from environmental damage.

Promotional and Advertising Materials: The fabric’s adaptability and customization options allow for the creation of banners, flags, and promotional displays that are durable, weatherproof, and visually appealing.


Fabric’s Water Resistance

Outdoor and Recreational Industry: Products like backpacks, tents, and awnings require reliable water resistance to ensure user comfort and protect against weather elements. The fabric’s water resistance prevents water penetration and keeps the interior dry.

Luggage and Bag Manufacturing: Travel bags and backpacks made with 420D PVC Coated Fabric offer protection to contents during outdoor activities or travel. The fabric’s water resistance prevents damage to personal belongings from rain or accidental spills.

Protective Covers: Covers used for vehicles, machinery, or equipment must withstand exposure to rain or moisture. The fabric’s water resistance ensures that the covered items remain dry and protected.

Promotional Materials: Banners, flags, and promotional displays are often used outdoors, where they are exposed to weather conditions. The fabric’s water resistance ensures these materials remain intact and visually appealing despite rain or damp environments.


Testing and Standards for 420D PVC Coated Fabric

Industry Standards and Testing Methods

quality control processes of 420D PVC Coated Fabric:

ASTM International Standards: ASTM D751 provides guidelines for the physical properties of coated fabrics, including tear strength, tensile strength, and abrasion resistance. ASTM D882 focuses on the tensile properties of thin plastic sheeting and films, which are applicable to PVC coatings.

ISO Standards: ISO 1421 addresses the determination of tear resistance of fabrics, including coated fabrics. ISO 4674 specifies methods for the determination of tensile properties of textiles, including coated fabrics.

Explain the significance of adhering to these standards, as they ensure consistent quality and performance of the fabric.


Certifications and Standards

OEKO-TEX Standard 100: This certification ensures that the fabric has been tested for harmful substances and is safe for human use. It guarantees that the fabric is free from substances such as heavy metals, formaldehyde, and other harmful chemicals.

REACH Compliance: Compliance with REACH (Registration, Evaluation, Authorization, and Restriction of Chemicals) regulations ensures that the fabric meets stringent environmental and health standards, particularly regarding the use of chemicals during manufacturing.


Benefits for Luggage Factories and Fabric Distributors

Durability and Longevity

420D PVC Coated Fabric stands out for its remarkable durability and longevity, making it an ideal choice for luggage factories and fabric distributors.

The high-strength polyester base fabric ensures robustness and resistance to tears or punctures, providing a sturdy foundation for luggage production.

The PVC coating enhances the fabric’s durability by protecting it from abrasion and wear, extending the product’s lifespan. Luggage factories can rely on this fabric to create long-lasting and reliable products that can withstand the rigors of frequent travel.

different colors

Water Resistance and Moisture Protection

The exceptional water resistance of 420D PVC Coated Fabric is a significant advantage for luggage factories and fabric distributors.

The PVC coating forms a reliable barrier against water penetration, keeping the contents of the luggage dry and safeguarded from moisture damage.

This water resistance is especially important during travel, where luggage may be exposed to rain, accidental spills, or damp environments.

The fabric’s water resistance offers peace of mind to travelers and reduces the risk of damage to personal belongings, making it an attractive feature for customers.

water resistance

Easy Maintenance and Cleanliness

420D PVC Coated Fabric offers ease of maintenance and cleanliness, providing convenience for both luggage factories and customers.

The fabric’s smooth and coated surface allows for easy cleaning by simply wiping away dirt, stains, or spills.

Its resistance to dirt and debris accumulation ensures that the luggage remains clean and presentable, requiring minimal effort to maintain its aesthetic appeal.

The fabric’s easy maintenance translates to time and cost savings for luggage factories, while customers appreciate the hassle-free upkeep of their luggage.

Versatility and Design Options

420D PVC Coated Fabric offers versatility and a range of design options, providing creative opportunities for luggage factories and fabric distributors.

The fabric is adaptable to various luggage styles, including suitcases, backpacks, duffel bags, and travel accessories, catering to diverse customer preferences.

With a wide array of colors, patterns, and finishes available for customization, luggage factories can create unique designs that resonate with their target market.

This versatility allows luggage factories to differentiate themselves in the market and offer products that align with evolving fashion trends and customer demands.


How to Choose 420D PVC Coated Fabric

Durability and Strength

When it comes to selecting 420D PVC coated fabric, durability and strength are crucial factors to consider. This fabric is known for its exceptional toughness, making it resistant to wear and tear. The “420D” in the fabric’s name refers to the denier count, which measures the thickness and density of the fibers used. A higher denier count indicates a thicker and more durable fabric. Therefore, when choosing 420D PVC coated fabric, opt for a higher denier count if you require enhanced durability for your specific application.

Additionally, examine the coating quality of the fabric. PVC (Polyvinyl chloride) coating provides excellent water resistance and protection against abrasion. Ensure that the fabric has a high-quality PVC coating that is evenly applied to ensure optimal performance. Look for features such as UV resistance and mold resistance if your project will be exposed to harsh weather conditions.


Testing and Certification

To ensure the quality and reliability of 420D PVC coated fabric, it is essential to consider testing and certification. Reputable manufacturers subject their fabrics to rigorous testing procedures to validate their performance and compliance with industry standards. Look for fabrics that have undergone tests for tensile strength, tear resistance, seam strength, and colorfastness. These tests ensure that the fabric can withstand the demands of your intended application.

Certifications such as ISO (International Organization for Standardization) or ASTM (American Society for Testing and Materials) provide an additional layer of assurance regarding the fabric’s quality. These certifications indicate that the fabric meets specific standards and has undergone thorough testing by recognized authorities. Consider opting for 420D PVC coated fabric that carries relevant certifications to ensure its reliability and performance.


Supplier Selection

Selecting a reliable supplier is crucial when choosing 420D PVC coated fabric. Look for suppliers with a solid reputation and experience in the industry. A reputable supplier will have a track record of delivering high-quality products and excellent customer service. Check customer reviews and testimonials to gauge the satisfaction level of previous buyers.

Additionally, consider the supplier’s manufacturing capabilities and production capacity. Ensure that they can meet your project’s requirements in terms of quantity and lead time. It is also beneficial to inquire about their quality control processes to ensure consistency and reliability in the fabric’s production.

Quality Control and Assurance

Raw Material Inspection

The first step in ensuring the quality of 420D PVC coated fabric is conducting a thorough raw material inspection. This involves scrutinizing the quality and specifications of the base fabric before the coating process begins. The raw material inspection assesses the strength, density, and uniformity of the base fabric, which directly impacts the overall performance of the final product.

During this inspection, the fabric is checked for any defects, such as weaving irregularities, holes, or inconsistencies in the thickness. It is essential to identify and address these issues at the early stage to maintain the integrity of the final coated fabric. Additionally, the raw material inspection may also involve verifying the quality and composition of the PVC coating material itself to ensure it meets the required standards.

raw material inspection

Coating Thickness Measurement

Coating thickness plays a vital role in determining the durability and performance of PVC coated fabric. An inadequate or uneven coating thickness can compromise the fabric’s protective capabilities and reduce its lifespan. To ensure consistency and quality, coating thickness measurement is carried out as part of the quality control process.

During this measurement, specialized tools and techniques are employed to determine the thickness of the PVC coating across the fabric. These measurements are taken at multiple points to ensure uniformity. If any deviations are detected, adjustments can be made to the coating process to maintain the desired thickness. By closely monitoring the coating thickness, manufacturers can uphold the integrity of the fabric and provide customers with a reliable and durable product.


Abrasion Resistance Testing

Abrasion resistance is a critical aspect of 420D PVC coated fabric, as it determines its ability to withstand wear and tear in various applications. To assess the fabric’s resistance to abrasion, rigorous testing methods are employed during the quality control process.

In abrasion resistance testing, the fabric is subjected to controlled friction against a rough surface. This simulated abrasion helps evaluate how the fabric holds up against repeated rubbing or scraping, mimicking real-world scenarios. By measuring the fabric’s performance under different levels of abrasion, manufacturers can determine its durability and predict its lifespan.

Quality control and assurance play a pivotal role in ensuring the reliability and durability of 420D PVC coated fabric. Through rigorous raw material inspection, coating thickness measurement, and abrasion resistance testing, manufacturers can deliver a product that meets the highest standards. By understanding these quality control procedures, consumers can make informed decisions when choosing 420D PVC coated fabric for their specific needs, be it for outdoor gear, bags, or other applications where strength and longevity are paramount.


In conclusion, 420D PVC coated fabric is a versatile and durable material that finds numerous applications in various industries. Its unique combination of strength, flexibility, and resistance to weather elements makes it a popular choice for a wide range of products.

Firstly, we explored the composition and characteristics of 420D PVC coated fabric. We learned that it is a polyester fabric with a PVC coating, providing it with exceptional strength and waterproof properties. The PVC coating enhances the fabric’s durability and resistance to tearing, making it suitable for demanding environments and applications.

Additionally, we examined the benefits and applications of 420D PVC coated fabric. Its robust construction and weather resistance make it an ideal choice for outdoor gear, such as backpacks, tents, and awnings. The waterproof properties of this fabric ensure that it can withstand rain, moisture, and other environmental factors. Its flexibility and ease of manipulation also make it suitable for applications in the automotive industry, including car covers and upholstery.

Furthermore, we discussed the importance of quality control and assurance in the production of 420D PVC coated fabric. Through raw material inspection, coating thickness measurement, and abrasion resistance testing, manufacturers can ensure the fabric’s integrity and performance. This rigorous quality control process guarantees that customers receive a reliable and long-lasting product.

In conclusion, 420D PVC coated fabric is a remarkable material that combines strength, flexibility, and weather resistance. Its diverse applications and robustness make it a sought-after choice for various industries. By understanding the features and undergoing stringent quality control procedures, manufacturers can provide customers with a reliable fabric that meets their needs. Whether it’s for outdoor gear, automotive applications, or other demanding environments, 420D PVC coated fabric offers a durable and versatile solution.

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